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Eurostat: Regional diversity in the EU – how does your region fare?

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Eurostat: Regional diversity in the EU – how does your region fare?

What is the share of young and old people in the regions of the European Union (EU)? Is the risk of poverty in my region higher or lower than elsewhere in the EU? Which region has the largest economy? Which region invests most in research and innovation? How do people in my region use the internet?

National figures alone are not sufficient to give the full picture of the territorial and socio-economic developments taking place at a detailed level within the EU. Comparing data at a regional or subnational level is therefore often more meaningful and helps to increase the understanding of the diversity that exists within Member States and across the EU as a whole. In particular, the COVID-19 outbreak has led to an increased demand for subnational data to support statistical analysis at regional and local level.

Share of young people highest in Mayotte in France, share of very old people highest in Evrytania in Greece

In 2019, one fifth (20.4%) of the EU population was aged less than 20 years, 59.4% was of working age (20-64 years) and the remaining 20.3% was aged 65 years or more. Very old people (aged 80 years or more) accounted for 5.8% of the total EU population.

Among the 10 NUTS level 3 regions in the EU with the highest shares of young people (aged less than 20 years), five regions were located in France, four in Ireland and one in Spain. The two outermost French regions Mayotte (53.8% of the total population) and Guyane (41.8%) recorded the highest shares.

On the other hand, five of the 10 regions with the highest proportions of very old people (aged 80 years or more), were located in Spain, three in Portugal and two in Greece. The highest share was observed in the mountainous, central Greek region of Evrytania (16.1% of the total population), followed by the two north-western Spanish regions Zamora (12.5%) and Ourense (12.1%).

Tertiary educational attainment — highest in Sostinės regionas in Lithuania, lowest in Nord-Est in Romania

40.3% of people aged 30-34 years in the EU had completed tertiary education in 2019, thus achieving the Europe 2020 target of 40%.

In a majority of Member States, the capital region recorded the highest share of tertiary educational attainment, except in Belgium (where the highest share was observed in the region Prov. Vlaams-Brabant), Spain (País Vasco), Croatia (Jadranska Hrvatska), Italy (Emilia-Romagna) and the Netherlands (Utrecht).

In 2019, the share of tertiary educational attainment was equal or above the 40% target in 101 of the 237 NUTS level 2 regions for which data are available. Among these, there were nine regions where the share exceeded 60%: the capital regions of Sostinės regionas in Lithuania (70.4%), Warszawski stołeczny in Poland (69.2%) and Hovedstaden in Denmark (64.2%), followed by Utrecht in the Netherlands (64.1%) and the capital regions of Stockholm in Sweden (63.4%), Île-de-France in France (63.2%), Noord-Holland in the Netherlands, Bratislavský kraj in Slovakia (62.1% each) and Praha in Czechia (60.9%).

At the other end of the range, four of the six regions in the EU where the share of tertiary educational attainment was less than 20% were located in Romania — Nord-Est (15.5%), Sud-Muntenia (16.3%), Sud-Est (17.8%) and Sud-Vest Oltenia (18.6%) — one in Bulgaria, Severozapaden (17.1%) and one in Italy, Calabria (19.9%).

 

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